What are the components of an appraisal?A home purchase is the biggest investment some people could ever make. Whether it's where you raise your family, a second vacation home or a rental fixer upper, the purchase of real property is a detailed transaction that requires multiple parties to see it through.
Most of the participants are quite familiar. The real estate agent is the most familiar person in the exchange. Next, the mortgage company provides the money required to fund the transaction. Ensuring all requirements of the exchange are completed and that the title is clear to pass from the seller to the purchaser is the title company.
So who makes sure the property is consistent with the amount being paid? In comes the appraiser. We provide an unbiased opinion of what a buyer could expect to pay - or a seller receive - for a property, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A professional Indiana licensed appraiser from Uzelac Appraisal Group will ensure you as an interested party are informed.
Inspecting the subject propertyOur first duty at Uzelac Appraisal Group is to inspect the property to ascertain its true status. We must physically see aspects of the property, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, and so on, to ensure they truly exist and are in the condition a typical buyer would expect them to be. The inspection often includes a sketch of the property, ensuring the square footage is accurate and conveying the layout of the property. Most importantly, we identify any obvious features - or defects - that would affect the value of the property.
Once the site has been inspected, an appraiser employs two or three approaches when determining the value of the property: paired sales analysis and, in the case of a rental property, an income approach.
Cost ApproachThis is where we gather information on local construction costs, labor rates and other factors to derive how much it would cost to construct a property similar to the one being appraised. This estimate often sets the maximum on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used method.
Analyzing Comparable SalesAppraisers get to know the subdivisions in which they appraise. We innately understand the value of specific features to the homeowners of that area. Then, the appraiser looks up recent transactions in the neighborhood and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the real estate at hand. By assigning a dollar value to certain items such as square footage, extra bathrooms, hardwood floors, fireplaces or view lots (just to name a few), we add or subtract from each comparable's sales price so that they more accurately portray the features of subject property.
Valuation Using the Income ApproachA third method of valuing a property is sometimes used when an area has a measurable number of rental properties. In this situation, the amount of revenue the property yields is factored in with other rents in the area for comparable properties to derive the current value.
Arriving at a Value ConclusionExamining the data from all applicable approaches, the appraiser is then ready to stipulate an estimated market value for the property in question. The estimate of value at the bottom of the appraisal report is not necessarily the final sales price even though it is likely the best indication of what a property could sell for in an open market. Depending on the individual situations of the buyer or seller, their level of urgency or a buyer's desire for that exact property, the closing price of a home can always be driven up or down. But the appraised value is often employed as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than they could get back in the event they had to put the property on the market again. The bottom line is: An appraiser from Uzelac Appraisal Group will help you attain the most accurate property value, so you can make profitable real estate decisions.